“For God loved the world so much that he gave his only-begotten Son, so that everyone exercising faith in him might not be destroyed but have everlasting life”

(John 3:16)

Christ's sacrifice has an Atonement Value (by the blood) and the Ransom Value (By the body). It is important to know the prophetic meaning of the different sacrifices under the Mosaic Law in connection with these two values (Hebrews 10: 1). We’ll study what is the Atonement Value that removes the sin, in connection with God's forgiveness that leads to everlasting life, and the Atonement Value that removes the sin in connection with the destruction that leads to the death of the sinner (John 3:16; Romans 5:12; 6:23).

This understanding will help to know the relationship between the Atonement Day and the Great Tribulation. There will be an atonement that will lead to the everlasting life (based on the Atonement Value of the blood of Christ) and an atonement that will lead to death (on the value of atonement of the blood of the sinner) or destruction. At the end, we’ll study the prophetic meaning of the Mosaic Law in connection to the Ransom Value (different from the Atonement Value).

The Atonement that leads to the Everlasting Life (In Heaven, On Earth, Great Crowd) and Atonement that leads to the Destruction

The Hebrew word for “atonement”, is “kâphar” (transliteration from the Hebrew letters) (Strong’s Concordance H3722), that means “to cover (specially with bitumen); figuratively, to expiate or condone, to placate or cancel (Leviticus 16:6). The Hebrew word for “forgiveness”, is “çělîychâh” (transliteration from the Hebrew letters) (Strong’s Concordance H5547), that means “Forgiveness, pardon”. The word origin of “çělîychâh” is “çâlach” (Strong’s Concordance H5545), that means “to forgive”. Therefore, if the Atonement is closely related to the Divine Forgiveness, these two concepts remain fundamentally different.

The Atonement is not the Forgiveness

The big mistake is to think that the Atonement is synonymous of Forgiveness. The Atonement is the absolute necessity of Holiness in dispelling the sin (the contrary of holiness). This process is, in fact, a destruction that leads to death and "cover" or "erase" the sin. While Divine Forgiveness, is to keep alive the human sinner (sinful condition inherited from Adam), while the absolute necessity for Atonement is respected, over the base of the sacrifice of Christ (Atonement Value (blood)).

It is for this reason that our sins are forgiven on the basis of the atoning value of the blood of Christ poured out (once forever, the Nisan 14th, 33 C.E. (and not directly on the value of the Ransom (or Exchange) of the sacrifice of Christ)).

For example, for the Jews with the Jewish religion, the day of Atonement, the TISHRI 10th, which is called in Hebrew "YOM KIPPUR" (YOM = day) + (KIPPUR = Atonement) is also called the great FORGIVENESS. It is true and it is false.

There will be a Forgiveness

It is true that there will be Forgiveness of God, for the goat for Azazel, in the Atonement Day (Leviticus 16:7-10). This goat was the carrier of the confessed sins of the House of Israel sent far from the presence of God (to illustrate the Forgiveness of God): “But the goat designated by lot for A·zaʹzel should be brought alive to stand before Jehovah in order to perform the atonement upon it, so that it may be sent away for A·zaʹzel into the wilderness (…) Aaron will lay both his hands on the head of the live goat and confess over it all the errors of the Israelites and all their transgressions and all their sins, and he will put them on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man designated to do this. The goat will carry upon itself all their errors into a desert land, and he will send the goat away into the wilderness” (Leviticus 16:10,21,22).

Returning to the Great Tribulation, it is true that in TISRI 10th, there will be a Forgiveness of God for a part of humanity that is living now and will survive through this dramatic moment. However, this great FORGIVENESS of God will be on the basis of an Atonement (made on the Nisan 14th, 33 C.E. (once for all time)): the Atonement Value of the blood of Christ: “After this I saw, and look! a great crowd, which no man was able to number, out of all nations and tribes and peoples and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, dressed in white robes; and there were palm branches in their hands. 10 And they keep shouting with a loud voice, saying:

“Salvation we owe to our God, who is seated on the throne, and to the Lamb.” (…) In response one of the elders said to me: “These who are dressed in the white robes, who are they and where did they come from?” 14 So right away I said to him: “My lord, you are the one who knows.” And he said to me: “These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and they have washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb”” (Revelation 7:9,10,13,14).

There will not be Forgiveness

It is false for the Goat used as an Atonement Sacrifice for the sake of the Goat for Azazel, as it is written in Hebrews: “Yes, according to the Law nearly all things are cleansed with blood, and unless blood is poured out no forgiveness takes place” (Hebrew 9:22). It is interesting to note that the inspired declarations of Paul are made in the framework of the explanation of the Atonement Day. During the Great Tribulation, there won’t be a “Great Forgiveness” for the victims of this great worldwide Atonement (Revelation 14:18-20; 19:11-21). If it is necessary the Atonement for the Forgiveness of God, the contrary is not true. The necessity of Atonement is linked to the Most Holiness of God that is an absolute requirement of God, it doesn’t need the Forgiveness of God. The Atonement Process is an Absolute necessity of Holiness, Forgiveness depends on the feelings of God (He is not obliged to forgive: the necessity of forgiveness is not absolute (Matthew 6:14)): “The one who exercises faith in the Son has everlasting life; the one who disobeys the Son will not see life, but the wrath of God remains upon him” (John 3:36).

The Atonement without God's forgiveness is neither more nor less than a destruction of the person (as a sinner), which blood remains on his head: “David said to him: “Your blood is on your own head, because your own mouth testified against you by saying, ‘I myself put the anointed of Jehovah to death.’” (2 Samuel 1:16; Joshua 2:19; 1 Kings 2: 32,33,37; Ezekiel 33:4; Acts 18:6). The biblical expression of “bloodguilt” means that the own blood of the sinner remains on his head, his own blood will be used (in his death) for his own atonement without forgiveness of God.

* “Whenever it is that they are saying, “Peace and security!” then sudden destruction is to be instantly on them, just like birth pains on a pregnant woman, and they will by no means escape”” (1 Thessalonians 5:3). In Tishri 10th, some people will claim “Peace and Security”, thinking in the Forgiveness of God, without exercising their faith the Atonement Value of the Sacrifice of Jesus Christ, with the result of the destruction in the Great Tribulation.

There is the same confusion between the biblical expressions of Atonement, Forgiveness and Ransom according the Sacrifice of Christ. Why? Because they have the same result: The Everlasting Life (Ephesians 1:7). Also, the Atonement based of the Forgiveness of God, results, on end, to a Ransom (an exchange of the Body). Atonement is a process of disappearance of sin for the Absolute Necessity of Holiness required by God (Matthew 26:28). And the Ransom is a process of exchange of body (by Healings, Rejuvenation and Resurrection) (Matthew 20:28):

“With that I heard a loud voice from the throne say: “Look! The tent of God is with mankind, and he will reside with them, and they will be his people. And God himself will be with them. 4 And he will wipe out every tear from their eyes, and death will be no more, neither will mourning nor outcry nor pain be anymore. The former things have passed away” (Revelation 21:3,4; Isaiah 35: 5,6; John 5:28, 29; Acts 24:15).

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